International Review of Scientific Synthesis
Scientia (International Review of Scientific Synthesis) intends to be a tribute to the historical journal with the same title printed from 1907 to 1988, Scientia (Rivista di Scienza, that means Review of Science in Italian). The old journal used to publish articles on every area of science, was multilingual and well known at international level. Unfortunately it ceased publications in 1988, because science had become too "analytical", i.e. the opposite of the "synthetic" and unified conception of science and of whole knowledge on which the journal was founded (Scientia in Latin means Knowledge in general).
The journal had unique characteristics: it was eclectic in the first place, accepting papers from any area of natural sciences, mathematics, philosophy, and sometimes even from social sciences. And it was multilingual, so that it became famous and important at an international level. Giants of science such as Einstein, Freud, Heisenberg and many others wrote papers for Scientia. Here is a brief history of the previous journal:1907. Founded as "Rivista di Scienza" by the mathematician Federigo Enriques and the engineer Eugenio Rignano, both associated with the University of Pisa.
1910. Title name changed to "Scientia", while "Rivista di Scienza" remained as a subtitle.
1910-1940. Many important scientists, mathematicians and philosophers wrote papers for Scientia, such as Einstein, Lorentz, Poincaré, Mach, Rutherford, Freud, Peano, Russell, Golgi, Eddington, De Broglie, Heisenberg, Fermi, Carnap, and others.
1940-1945. The journal inevitably lost much of its international importance and support from abroad when Italy entered World War II.
1988. The continuous tendency of science towards specialization in its different fields, contributed to the further decline of Scientia, that had to end publications.
1996. A few researchers and students associated with University of Pisa founded Istituto Scientia (Scientia Institute) as a cultural association, with a clear tribute to the old journal.
2002. Istituto Scientia was incorporated as a non-profit organization, and also became a small publisher, printing a few books under the name Saggi dell'Istituto Scientia, with ISBN codes 88-900878-X-Y. Istituto Scientia has also conducted scientific research, with a synthetic and holistic conception of physics, physiology, biology, psychology, etc. and has published some papers on international peer-reviewed journals. Details are reported on saggi.it.
2013. In February Istituto Scientia started this e-journal, with no print version yet, but trying to keep alive the spirit of the old journal. The number of the first volume is not 1, but 124, ideally continuing the history of Scientia, since the number of the last volume published in 1988 was 123.
Note. As said, this e-journal intends to be a tribute to the old journal. Anyway, it is prudent to remind that a new journal also has the legal rights to get the same title of an old one, if the old one has ceased regular publication for two years, as stated by the Italian copyright law on periodicals (law 633/1941, art. 100, par.4).
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Scientia International Identifiers: ISSN 2282-2119 - EAN 977-2282-211-00-9 - DOI Prefix 10.12969