Journal History

Scientia (International Review of Scientific Synthesis) intends to be a tribute to the historical journal with the same title printed from 1907 to 1988, Scientia (Rivista di Scienza, that means Review of Science in Italian). The old journal used to publish articles on every area of science, was multilingual and widely known at an international level.

Unfortunately it ceased publications in 1988, because science had become too "analytical", that is to say, the opposite of that "synthetic" and unified conception not only of science, but of the whole human knowledge, on which the journal was based (consider that Scientia in Latin means Knowledge in general). More details are exposed in some of the first articles published by this journal itself.

The journal had unique characteristics: it was eclectic, in the first place, accepting papers from any area of natural sciences, mathematics, philosophy, e in certain cases even from social sciences. And it was multilingual, so that it became famous and important at an international level.

Giants of science such as Einstein, Freud, Heisenberg and many others wrote papers for Scientia.

Here is a brief history of the previous journal:

1907. Founded as "Rivista di Scienza" by the mathematician Federigo Enriques and the engineer Eugenio Rignano, both associated with the University of Pisa.

1910. Title name changed to "Scientia", while "Rivista di Scienza" remained as a subtitle.

1910-1940. Many important scientists, mathematicians and philosophers wrote papers for Scientia, such as Einstein, Lorentz, Poincaré, Mach, Rutherford, Freud, Peano, Russell, Golgi, Eddington, De Broglie, Heisenberg, Fermi, Carnap, and others.

1921. As an example of the events that were sponsored by Scientia: on October 22, 24, and 26, 1921, Albert Einstein spoke in Bologna, Italy (by the way, in Italian, unexpectedly).

1940-1945. The journal inevitably lost much of its international importance and support from abroad when Italy entered World War II, initially fighting against France and Great Britain (1940-43), and later (1943-45) against Germany, that was unified with Austria at that time.

1988. The continuous tendency of science toward extreme specialization in the different fields had contributed much to the further decline of Scientia, that was compelled to end publications.

1996. A group of researchers, scholars and students associated with University of Pisa founded Istituto Scientia as a cultural association, the name being a clear tribute the old journal.

2002. Istituto Scientia was incorporated as a non-profit organization, and also acted as a small publisher, publishing a few books under the name Saggi dell'Istituto Scientia, with ISBN codes in the range 88-900878-X-X. Istituto Scientia has also conducted scientific research, with an attitude to get an unified view of physics, physiology, biology and psychology, and has published some papers on international peer-reviewed journals. More details are reported on

2013. In early February Istituto Scientia started publication online of the current review Scientia, only as an e-journal, with no print version yet, but trying to keep alive the spirit of the old historical journal. The number of the first volume is not 1, but 124, ideally trying to continue the great experience of the old Scientia, because it ceased publications in 1988 with volume 123.

Note. As said, this e-journal intends to be a tribute to the old, historical journal. Anyway, it is prudent to remind that a new journal has the legal rights to take the same title of an old one, it the latter has ceased regular publication for a certain time, defined by the Italian copyright law on periodicals, that is only two years (law 633/1941, art. 100, par.4).

SCIENTIA International Identifiers: ISSN: 2282-2119 . DOI prefix: 10.12969 . EAN: 977-2282-211-00-9 . Handle (hdl) prefix: 11167

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